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A dental examination is essential in order to identify and treat and potential problems early. The exam includes taking x-rays, oral cancer screening, examination of existing fillings, crowns, and bridges, examination of tooth decay, and gum disease evaluation.

The assessment of x-rays is fundamental for locating tooth and root positions, as well as detecting tooth decay, bone loss, tumors, and cysts. Cleaning (Oral Prophylaxis)
Professional dental cleaning (oral prophylaxis) includes the removal of calculus (tartar) and plaque, as well as teeth polishing. Plaque, which is a build up of bacteria, is a sticky, invisible substance that forms on the teeth and thrives from sugar and saliva. The bacteria produce toxins called mucopolysaccarides that are responsible for gum inflammation, which can eventually lead to gum disease. Brushing your teeth can help remove plaque, but if the plaque remains on the tooth for too long, it becomes hard and attaches to the tooth. Calculus is hardened plaque that is firmly attached to the tooth and can only be removed by a dentist-it cannot be removed by brushing your teeth. Even with brushing your teeth at least twice daily, plaque can build up in places that your toothbrush cannot reach. Having your teeth cleaned every 6 months is an effective way to help prevent gum disease, cavities, and infections.


Sealants are thin plastic coatings that are placed on the grooves of the back teeth in order to prevent the damaging effects of plaque. Without sealants, food and bacteria can build up in these grooves and later cause cavities. Sealants are an important part of a preventable dental care program because they decrease the likelihood of cavities and other serious dental problems from occurring. Fillings
A composite (tooth-colored) filling is used to repair tooth fractures, cracks, and decay. It can also be utilized for closing space between two teeth, repairing chipped teeth, and repairing worn teeth. Since the composite is tooth-colored, it will virtually match your surrounding teeth, giving your tooth a natural appearance.

Crowns & Bridges

A crown encases the visible part of a tooth above the gum line. Porcelain crowns are tooth-colored, so they can be made to match the color of your natural teeth. A crown may be used for the following reasons:

  • If the cavity is too big for a filling to be used
  • To restore broken or fractured teeth
  • To cover a dental implant
  • To restore decayed teeth
  • To improve the appearance of the tooth
  • After a root canal

A bridge is used to replace one or more missing teeth. A permanent bridge is attached to both teeth adjacent to the missing tooth, giving the bridge a strong support system. Like crowns, bridges are also porcelain, and can therefore be made to match the color of your natural teeth. A bridge may be used for the following reasons:

  • To prevent other teeth from moving out of their positions
  • To reinstate your smile
  • To fill a gap of missing teeth
  • To upgrade from a removable partial denture to a permanent dental bridge

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